The first case of HIV infection in Akwa Ibom state was reported in 1989. Since then, the epidemic has expanded rapidly. The Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH)/ HIV and AIDS sentinel sero-prevalence studies conducted show the following rates: 12.7% (1999), 10.7% (2001), 7.2% (2003), 8.0% (2005), 9.7% (,2008) and 10.9% (2010) . Estimates using the 2010 HIV/AIDS sero-prevalence sentinel survey among women attending antenatal clinics indicate that about 275,250 people may be living with the virus, that means, about 2 in 10 persons in the state is infected with HIV.
The prevalence and new infections continue to be high especially among young people aged 15-24 in spite of interventions by government and partners.
The current HIV prevalence among antenatal attendees in Akwa Ibom State with 10.9% (FMOH, ANC 2010) ranks her second highest in the country and confirms HIV and AIDS as a major health problem in the state.